Nature Observation
Babadağ

Babadağ has an extraordinary location and a mild climate and is close to the sea. Therefore, it hosts a large number of rare and mountainous (endemic) plants.

Nature Observation

Fethiye Babadağ

Babadağ has an extraordinary location and a mild climate and is close to the sea. Therefore, it hosts a large number of rare and mountainous (endemic) plants. There are around 50 plants that are rarely identified in Turkey, Europe and worldwide within the plant species.

Three rare plants in Babadağ: Chionodoxa forbesii, jackal daffodil  (Sternbergia candida), crown imperial (Fritillaria carica).

Among these plants, jackal daffodil (Sternbergia candida) is unique to Babadağ (endemic) and it must be protected under the international Berne Convention*. Although it grows only in Babadağ in the world, the jackal daffodils is not under protection in the natural habitat. Therefore, about 8 tons of plants were collected from the mountain and sold abroad at the beginning of the 1990s. This trade, which was carried out without any control or barrier, has been revealed when European gardeners informed. According to the Regulation of Onion Plants in Turkey, it is illegal to collect the jackal daffodils in the nature and to export. However, as in this example, the plant faces with extreme collection or dangers that threaten its natural habitat (eg road expansions).

In addition, the plants that are rare in many countries grow in the habitats of peak area; Babadağ delicate bell flower (Asyneuma babadaghensis), pyrethrum (Tanacetum praeteritum ssp. Praeteritum), Satureja spinosa, Chionodoxa forbesii and Echinops emiliae.

Chionodoxa forbesii,is a very rare and endemic plant that grows in pine and cedar forest openings above 1000 meters. It blooms in March-April. Babadağ delicate bell flower (Asyneuma babadaghensis),  is a rare and endemic plant that grows in rocky, stony areas around 1670 meters altitudes in Babadağ. It blooms in July-August.

Pyrethrum (Tanacetum praeteritum ssp. praeteritum), is a rare and endemic plant that grows about 1600 meters altitude in the mountain. It blooms in July-August.

Thyme and Satureja spinosa is a rare plant that grows on the mountain above 1500 meters. It blooms in July-August.

Small-flowered thistle (Echinops emiliae) is a rare and endemic plant that grows in stony areas between 1600 and 1800 meters altitudes. It blooms in June-July.

Some species that live in the rich vegetation in Babadağ region is about extinct. Yarrow, meadow saffron, pork radish, euphorbia, wild daisy and oak, which grow in this region, are among the rare species on the national scale.

There is a significant existence of wild animals on the slopes, hills, valleys, villages and shores of Babadag. Among the species found in the mountains are wild goat (Capra aegagrus), wolf (Canis lupus), jackal (Canis aureus), fox (Vulpes vulpes), wild boar (Sus scrofa), badger (Meles meles) and otter (Lutra luray).

The region is also one of the important living and breeding areas of the region for birds. The eagle owl (Bubo bubo), the rock eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) and the masked shrike (Lanius nubicus) live in this area along with other wings. In addition to reptile species, there is also Mertensiella luschani in the region, which is endangered in the global dimension.